Lack of data
The lack of data constitutes a major threat to biodiversity given that, with inadequate and insufficient data, the gaps and issues concerning the current status of biodiversity and ecosystems cannot be effectively determined, and can have consequences on finding appropriate solutions. The causes for the lack of data on biodiversity and ecosystems are:
- The lack of funds due to the absence of a strategic vision and political will.
- The lack of expertise due to insufficient awareness at the institutional level.
- The lack of a vision allowing for the establishment of a national management framework of Lebanon’s biodiversity in the longer term. This is mainly due to little importance be given to biodiversity and the lack of enough data to set a vision.
- The lack of effective responsibilities due to overlapping mandates and regulations.
- The lack of personnel due to the absence of clear mandates.
As listed in the previous paragraphs, various threats to biodiversity in Lebanon exist and need to be urgently addressed in order to limit the negative impacts that can sometimes become irreversible. Not all the threats are given equal priority at the national level such as climate change that has yet to be considered as a high priority by the National Authorities. Nearly all threats affect all ecosystems where habitat loss appears to be the most prominent, followed by chemical pollution, illegal hunting and persecution (MoE, 2009).