Himas

In order to better enhance the management of PAs, the MoE has prepared a new categorization system for PAs in the protected areas framework number 130 dated 30/4/2019 which defines the  criteria for the establishment of each category in addition to their management objectives and modality. Hima is designated as one of those categories.

The Hima is defined as a Community Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM) System that promotes Sustainable Livelihood, Resources Conservation, and Environmental Protection for the human wellbeing (UNU-INWEH). A Hima is under the supervision of the municipality, or the Qaimaqam in the case of villages where there are no municipalities.

 

The Hima approach in nature protection is a traditional/cultural community-based approach used for the conservation of sites, species, habitats, and people in order to achieve the sustainable use of natural resources (SPNL, 2014).

Hima which means protected area in Arabic, originated more than 1,500 years ago where it was spread along the Arab Peninsula as a “tribal” system of sustainable management of natural resources. It was applied as a system for organizing, maintaining, regulating, and utilizing natural pasture and rangelands in a way dealing with harsh ecosystems and fitting local needs. The Hima system further evolved with Islam adding values and rules for improvement and development. Recent years have witnessed several trends and campaigns in order to conserve nature and its resources, of which some were via the revival of the Hima concept within local communities (SPNL, 2014).

 

 

Hima site

Mohafaza

Municipal decision

Decision number

Date

1

Andket

Akkar

21

21/7/2012

2

Mengez

Akkar

1/ب/2014

2014

3

Rouaime-Al-Maabour Al-Abyad

Akkar

 

1/12/2009

4

Anfeh

Keserwan

120

22/9/2017

5

Kherbet Anafar

West Bekaa

2

25/1/2014

6

Qaroun

West Bekaa

24

11/1/2014

7

Ain Zebdeh

West Bekaa

1/م/ب

2/1/2014

8

Aitanit

West Bekaa

59

22/12/2017

9

Kfar Zabad

Central Bekaa

24

26/10/2004

10

Anjar

Central Bekaa

21

24/9/2008

11

Fakiha

Northern Beqaa

25

27/4/2013

12

Charbine

Northern Beqaa

24

2014

13

West Baalback

Northern Beqaa

171

3/10/2018

14

Qaytouli

South Lebanon

43

17/8/2013

15

Roum

South Lebanon

113

2014

16

Ebel es-Saqi

South Lebanon

12

4/9/2004

17

Qoleileh

South Lebanon

46

13/12/2006

18

Mansouri

South Lebanon

7

16/2/2008

19

Arnoun

South Lebanon

16

25/11/2018

20

Tarchish

Mount Lebanon

15

23/5/2015

21

Akoura

Mount Lebanon

24

2/3/2017

22

Kayfoun

Mount Lebanon

71

29/11/2017

23

Hammana

Mount Lebanon

158

14/11/2018

24

Ras Al Maten

Mount Lebanon

41

27/7/2018

25

Kfar Matta

Mount Lebanon

59/2019

2/8/2019

Map of Lebanon with Hima and IBAs sites location
Source: https://www.spnl.org/international-day-of-biodiversity-hima-revival-to-stop-nature-bankruptcy-and-promote-sustainable-livelihood-human-wellbeing-and-human-rights/

 

 

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